Osho-Rajnish: “Jesus is not enlightened” January 5, 2011
This is red light for all followers of Osho-Rajnish.
“Jesus is not enlightened”
The Masculine-feminine Nature of God December 15, 2010
The Gnosis of all times can clarify many subjects in the field of theology, since Gnosis is the supreme source in which one can drink when we are thirsty of integral knowledge. We have often been used to accepting dogmatic opinions on controversial and interesting themes like: What is the true nature of God? Which is the way to be able to experience our union with the divinity? Is there a real possibility of attaining the famous Enlightenment, which was longed by all the ancient Christians, medieval mystics and ascetics, and in general, all those who, in truth, yearn for finding the supreme knowledge? Let’s scrutinize at least one part of all this very interesting theological sea, with the help of some scholars …
Firstly, let’s mention the eminent researcher Mrs. Pagels, author of a lot of treatises and research about the Gnostics. In one of her works, THE GNOSTIC GOSPELS, this researcher highlights the greatness of Gnosis, for it was able to explain the masculine and feminine nature of God. Let’s quote some paragraphs:
Unlike many of his contemporary deities of the ancient Near East, the God of Israel did not share his power with a feminine Deity, nor He was a divine husband or lover of any feminine Deity. As a matter of fact, Judaism, Christianism and Islamism are characterized by the absence of feminine symbolism relating to God. This is in great contrast to the rest of the religious traditions of the world, such as the ones from Egypt, Babylon, Greece and Rome, or from Africa, India and North America, in which the feminine symbolism abounds. Nowadays the Jewish, Christian and Islamic theologians rush to indicate that God should not be defined by means of any kind of sexual terms. In spite of it, the real language that they daily use for the cult and preaching, transmits a different message: Is there a person grown in the Jewish or Christian tradition, who has been able to get rid of the obvious impression that God is masculine?
Although Catholics worship Maria as mother of Jesus, they never consider her to be divine by its own right: Although Mary is Mother of God, however She is not Mother in the same level as God is Father! Of course, Christianity added the Trinitarian terms to the Jewish description of God. However, two -the Father and the Son- out of the three divine persons are described with masculine terms, and the third person -the Holy Spirit- suggests the asexuality of the neuter gender, used by the Greek when making reference to the Spirit, Pneuma.
A group of Gnostic sources claim to have received a Jesus’s secret tradition from James and Mary Magdalen. The members of this group raised their prayers to both the divine Father and the divine Mother: “From you Father, and through you, Mother, the two immortal names, the divine parents, and you, inhabitant of the sky, humanity, of the mighty name … ”
Other texts show that their authors had wondered: whom was talking to the only and masculine God when saying: “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness” (Genesis 1:26).For the chronicle of the Genesis says that humanity was created male and female -Genesis 1:27-, some got the conclusion that the God to whose image we have been made, has to be masculine and feminine, Father and Mother at the same time.
Precisely, the virtue of gnosis consists in being a cognoscitive knowledge -that is, it goes to the core of the things- which can scrutinize the true nature of creation and its author. Because Gnosticism as a doctrinaire system not only investigates by means of the dialectics, but rather, through practical methods which allow the comprehension of that Whole by means of the mystic direct experimentation. This is why the Father of Contemporary Gnosticism, Mr. Samael Aun Weor has said:
Unquestionably, the faculties of human cognition will never go beyond the cosmic realm of the Male-Female Logos, the Creator Demiurge, or the Army of the Voice -the Word.
JAH-HOVAH, the secret Father-Mother of each of us, is the authentic JEHOVAH.
Jod, as a Hebrew letter, is the membrum virile -the Masculine Principle.
Eve, Heve, as well as Hebe, the Greek goddess of youth, or Hercules’ Olympic bride is the Yoni, the divine Chalice, or Eternal Feminine.
Jesus Christ did not worship the anthropomorphic “Jehovah” of Jewry. Instead, the divine Rabbi of Galilee worshipped his divine “male-female” (Jah-hovah), the inner “father-mother”.
The holy Jesus, crucified on the place of the skull, cried with a great voice and said: “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit”. “Ram-Io”, “Isis”, his divine mother Kundalini, accompanied him in his “Via Crucis”.
All nations have their first God, or Gods, as androgynous; it could be no other way, for those nations thought, just as the Chinese do nowadays, that their distant primitive progenitors, their ancestors, were twin sexed.
In effect, the unnatural conception of an anthropomorphic and exclusivist “Jehovah”, independent of his own work, sitting up there on a throne of tyranny and despotism, throwing thunder and lightning at this sorrowful human anthill, is the result of ignorance, mere intellectual idolatry.
This wrong conception of the truth has unfortunately seized both the western philosopher and the religious person affiliated to any sect lacking completely in Gnostic elements.
What the Gnostics of all times have rejected is not the unknown God, one and always present in nature, nor nature “In Abscondito”, but the God of the orthodox dogma, the awful avenger deity of the law of the Talion.
The Abstract Absolute Space, the unknown God, is not an unlimited void nor a conditioned plenitude, but both things at the same time.
The author of the world of forms is then a group of mystical creators, male-female or double gods, such as Tlaloc, the god of the rain and thunder, and his wife Chalchiuhtlicue, the one of the jade skirt in the Mayan, Aztec,Olmec and Zapotec pantheons.
The idolatrous cult of the anthropomorphic “Jehovah”, instead of the “Elohim”, is certainly a powerful
Certainly, “Elojim” – with a “J” – is translated as “God” in the diverse authorized and revised versions of this sacred book.
It is an incontrovertible fact – not only from an esoteric standpoint, but also from a linguistic one – that the term “Elohim” is a feminine noun with a plural masculine ending.
The correct translation, stricto sensu, of the noun “Elohim” is Gods and Goddesses.
“And the spirit of the feminine and masculine principles were hovering over the surface of what was formless and the creation took place”.
Unquestionably, a religion without “Goddesses” is halfway to complete atheism.
If we really want a perfect balance of psychic life, we need to worship the “Elohim” (the Gods and Goddesses of ancient times), and not the anthropomorphic Jehovah rejected by the Great Kabir Jesús, obstacle to achieving the supranormal conscious states.
We, the Gnostic anthropologists, instead of laughing sceptically – as the profane anthropologists do – at the representations of the Gods and Goddesses of the diverse pantheons: the Aztec, Maya, Olmec, Toltec, Inca Chibcha, Druid, Egyptian, Hindu, Chaldean, Phoenician, Mesopotamian and Tibetan ones, etc., etc., etc., throw ourselves on our knees at the feet of those divinities, for in them we recognize the Elohim creator of the universe in them “Whoever laughs at what he does not know is on the way to becoming an idiot”…
As a corollary to the concepts that have been set forth by Samael Aun Weor, our reader can end up understanding the aforementioned postulates, following the lines written by the pen of the prestigious researcher of the Sorbona, Dr. Serge Hutin:
In Gnosis, we find again the cult to the Divine Woman, to the Mother, to the eternal feminine: She is the “path” between God and the world; She can punish the world, but she also can save it. Some Gnostics do not hesitate to conceive the Mother -assimilated to the Holy Spirit- to be the third hypostasis of the manifested Absolute: She is God-Mother, Sophia, Our-Lady-the-Holy-Spirit; She is also the Paraclete, That-Which-has-to-come. Thus we return to the old Egyptian Trinity: Father, Mother -Isis- and Son.
In a lot of sects, their doctrine and cult turn around a metaphysical entity, Barbelo -name that perhaps derives from the Hebrew name Barbhe Eloha “God is in four”, alluding to the divine tetrad: Father, Son, feminine Pneuma and Christ. Barbelo is the first exteriorization, the force, the image, the Father’s light; It plays -in the world- the role commonly attributed to the Logos. However, it is an ambivalent figure, similar to the disturbing goddesses of the ancient Mediterranean cults of fertility -such as Astarte, Astargatis, etc.): It symbolizes the immaculate virginity and also the regenerative power.
Analogous speculations can be found in a lot of related sects: the so called Gnostics, ebionites, estratiotics, levitics, the Adepts of the Mother, barbeliotes, ofites, sethians, etc. The myth of the “Divine Thought” always appears. It is the myth of the Mother who falls into the matter -the chaos, abyss, darkness or “water”- from which She has to be saved later on.
Many Gnosis frequently appeal to myths and images of sexual character. Sometimes the whole cosmogonical process is reduced to a divine marriage”.
In his treatise titled The Perfect Matrimony, Samael Aun Weor describes the masculine and feminine nature of God -in a synthetic way- as the source of that which is called love by the humans:
God as FATHER is WISDOM. God as MOTHER is LOVE. God as Father dwells in the Eye of Wisdom. The Eye of Wisdom is situated in a point between the eyebrows, at the root of the nose.
God as Love is found in the Heart-Temple. Wisdom and Love are the two columns of the Great White Lodge.
To love! How beautiful it is to love! Only the great Souls know how to love. Love is infinite tenderness… Love is the life that palpitates in every atom and in every Sun.
Love cannot be defined because it is the Divine Mother of the World; it is That Which come to us when we are really in love.
Oh, that’s the easy part-when I see my image reflected in it December 9, 2010
There was a group of women in a Bible study on the book of Malachi. As they were studying chapter three they came across verse three which says, “He will sit as a refiner and purifier of silver.” This verse puzzled the women and they wondered what this statement meant about the character and nature of God.
One of the women offered to find out about the process of refining silver and get back to the group at their next Bible study. That week the woman called up a silversmith and made an appointment to watch him at work. She didn’t mention anything about the reason for her interest in silver beyond her curiosity about the process of refining silver. As she watched the silversmith, he held a piece of silver over the fire and let it heat up. He explained that, in refining silver, one needed to hold the silver in the middle of the fire where the flames were hottest so as to burn away all the impurities.
The woman thought about God holding us in such a hot spot – then she thought again about the verse, that He sits as a refiner and purifier of silver. She asked the silversmith if it was true that he had to sit there in front of the fire the whole time the silver was being refined. The man answered that yes, he not only had to sit there holding the silver, but he had to keep his eyes on the silver the entire time it was in the fire. For if the silver was left even a moment too long in the flames, it would be destroyed.
The woman was silent for a moment. Then she asked the silversmith, “How do you know when the silver is fully refined?” He smiled at her and answered, “Oh, that’s the easy part — when I see my image reflected in it.”
If today you are feeling the heat of the fire, remember that God has His eye on you and will keep His hand on you and watch over you until He sees His image in you.
The Holy Spirit is a Woman November 26, 2010
Among the most ancient Christians it was understood that the Holy Spirit is female. The earliest gospel, Mark, states that the Holy Spirit descended like a dove. The word for “dove” in Greek is peristera, and it carries the feminine gender. The Hebrew word ruach meaning “Spirit” is also feminine. The Hebrew phrase Ruach Elohim is used throughout the Old Testament for “Spirit of God.”
Here are some quotes from early Christians, which affirm the femininity of the Holy Spirit:
The primordial consciousness permanently exists as three: Father, Mother, and Son.
The Holy Spirit is the mother of all living.
Elchasai asserts that the male is the Son of God, and that the female is the Holy Spirit.
Christ sits on a throne at the right hand of God, and “On God’s left sits a Virgin on a throne, the Holy Spirit, and she praises him. Seven virgins are at her command.”
The seven virgins are apparently a reference to the idea that the Holy Spirit gives forth seven spirits from Herself – an idea that is mentioned by numerous Biblical Prophets, as we shall see shortly.
The Gnostics called the primordial Goddess “Mother,” “Virgin,” “Womb,” and “Voice.” Indeed, there are a large number of Gnostic sources that clearly assert that the Holy Spirit is female:
The Logos brings them back to the Father, Mother, and limitless pleasures of Jesus.
The Holy Spirit came upon Mary, that is, Sophia and the Most High. This was the creative force, and it was stashed away, so that what was given to Mary could be fashioned by the Spirit.
Callistus says that the Spirit became incarnate in the virgin.
I am the Father, I am the Mother, and I am the Son. I am the sanctified indestructible One. 
She was the first thought of the Everything. Her light is like His light, the perfection of the invisible – the perfect Virgin Spirit.
I praise the Primal Origin, the aons, and these three: the Father, the Mother, and the Son.
When the Father created the universe, he left a lot for the Mother.
Irenaeus described a Gnostic idea that Sophia, in the form of Achamoth, will marry the Christ. A similar idea is known to exist from Revelation and from drawings in the Catacombs; that the Church is female, and Christ will marry the Church.
Early Catholic circles were no exception. They also declared the femininity of the Holy Spirit, calling her “Sophia,” which is the Greek name for Divine Wisdom personified as a woman.
The Logos, who is the Son, was always with the Father. Sophia also, who is the Spirit, was in God’s presence before anything was created.
The Trinity is God, his Logos, and his Sophia.
This was before the Virgin Mary replaced the Holy Spirit as the primary symbol of female divinity in the Orthodox and Catholic Churches – something that did not happen until several hundred years after Jesus walked the earth.
As for the Virgin Mary, she was not the real biological mother of Jesus. Mary was only a womb into which he was placed after he was conceived. The real mother of Jesus is the Holy Spirit. Jesus himself testifies to this effect, as did his early followers:
My Mother, the Holy Spirit, took me by one of my hairs and carried me to Mount Tabor.
It should be noted here that this comes from the Gospel of the Hebrews, which received an endorsement from Eusebius around 310 AD. Eusebius was no Gnostic. He was an Orthodox Christian who despised all forms of heresy. Several Gnostic books he discarded. Yet he endorsed the Gospel of the Hebrews, which contains this quote. Here is what Eusebius said:
Some have found a place in the list for ‘The Gospel of Hebrews’ since it has a unique appeal to Hebrews who believe in Christ. These books (in the list) would all be grouped together with the disputed books, but I feel compelled to list the latter separately, making a distinction between those books which, according to church tradition, are recognized as authentic – and those in a different category, not Biblical, but disputed and familiar to most clergymen, for we should not confuse these with the forgeries published by heretics…”
Early Gnostic sources follow below:
Jesus said, “My mother, my true mother, gave me life…”
People say Mary got pregnant by the Holy Spirit, but they are wrong. Since when has a woman procreated with another woman? Mary is a virgin. Nothing had sex with her.
This idea is corroborated by Luke, where the angel says to Mary,
The Holy Spirit will come to you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. Therefore, that holy one to whom you shall give birth will be called the Son of God.
We have all heard that the Holy Spirit came to Mary, but who is this other character named the “Most High?” Translated into Hebrew, the “Most High” is Elyon, who is mentioned many times in the Old Testament, and in the English Bibles is translated consistently as the “Most High.” Elyon is a derivative of El, the Father-God of the ancient Hebrews and of their Western Semitic kinfolk.
In other words, it was God the Father and the Holy Spirit who conceived Jesus Christ. The “biological” parents of Jesus are the other two members of the Trinity. Mary had nothing to do with it. Rather, her womb was merely used to incubate Jesus after conception. God did this in order to deceive the hound of hell, the princes of the pit, and the archons of Abaddon into believing Jesus was more human than he really was, so that when he descended into the underworld to preach the gospel to the dead, Abaddon would believe he was only a dead man, and fail to recognize him as a living God. Thus Jesus was a Trojan horse in hell who “led captives out of hell and gave gifts to human kind – for what does it mean that he ascended but that he first descended?” As the Apostle wrote, “The gospel was preached to the dead.”
Wisdom is personified in the book of Proverbs in such a way that She is equal with God. The Hebrew word for Wisdom, Chokmah, carries the feminine gender. The Greek word for Wisdom, Sophia, also carries the feminine gender. Both ancient Jewish and ancient Christian authorities point to Her co-divinity with God, as we shall demonstrate. Speaking as Wisdom in the first person, the Bible states,
YHWH possessed (qanah) Me (Wisdom) from the beginning of His way, before his ancient works. I was appointed from before infinity, from the beginning, before the cosmos existed.
From this we can clearly see that Wisdom is coeternal with God – not created by God.
We should note that the RSV’s and JPS’s translation of the Hebrew word qanah as “created” is in the minority. More translations accept the meaning “to possess,” such as the KJV, NIV, the Standard Version, the Authorized Version of 1611, Webster’s, and World English – all of these acknowledge a meaning other than “created.” The New American Bible translates it “begot,” just as the Son was begotten, not created. In any case, the context makes the meaning plain enough. As Origen said,
We have not been able to find anything in Scripture which indicates that the Holy Spirit was formed or created – not even in the way Solomon speaks about Divine Wisdom.
Moreover, She is not found alone with God, but with the Word beside Her – and so the Blessed Trinity is revealed in Proverbs,
Listen to Wisdom (Chokmah, feminine) and set your heart towards Understanding (Tawboon, masculine). Yes, if you call out for Knowledge (Beenah, feminine) and lift up your voice for Understanding (Tawboon, masculine)… For YHWH gives Wisdom (Chokmah, feminine). Out of His mouth comes discernment and Understanding (Tawboon, masculine).
Given the similarity in meaning between the Hebrew Tawboon and the Greek Logos, both of which are masculine in gender, we can identify Tawboon with Logos, Understanding with Christ. Thus we have here Son and Spirit, Understanding and Wisdom, together with God, completing the Holy Trinity.
That the early church identified Lady Wisdom with the Holy Spirit is beyond a doubt,
For the Word and Wisdom were always present with God, the Son and the Spirit, by Whom and in Whom He freely and spontaneously created everything. These are the Ones to Whom He said, “Let us make man in Our own image and likeness… Therefore, it was not angels who made us.”
The Word, Who is the Son, was always with the Father. Wisdom, too, Who is the Spirit, was in God’s presence before anything was created. For the Spirit declared by Solomon, “By Wisdom God set the foundations of the earth, and by Understanding He set up the heaven. By His knowledge the Deep burst forth and the clouds dropped down the dew…” and again, “When he began the heavens, I was with Him…” Therefore, there is one God, Who, by the Word and Wisdom created and arranged everything.”
The ancient Jews confirmed Her divinity also, as their interpretations of Proverbs bear witness,
Wisdom came forth before all things, and prudent Understanding from eternity.
Wisdom will praise Herself… “From eternity, in the beginning He brought Me forth, and for eternity I will never cease to exist.”
She knows and understands everything.
Wisdom is more versatile than any motion. Since She is pure, she pervades and penetrates everything. She is the breath (Ruach/Spirit) of God’s power, and the spotless emanation of the Almighty’s glory. Thus, no unclean thing finds a place within Her. She is the reflection of eternal light, a spotless mirror of God’s works, the image of His goodness. She is only one, but She can accomplish anything, and being within Herself, She rejuvenates everything. Throughout all generations She lives within holy souls, making them God’s friends and His prophets.
This last quote is especially interesting, since it points to the fact that ancient pre-Christian Judaism identified Wisdom with the Spirit of prophecy, a trait of the Holy Spirit.
So Why Do They Call the Holy Spirit “He,” Not “She?”
Certainly, English Bibles have been calling the Holy Spirit “He” according to the masculine gender for a long time. You might ponder, “There must be a reason for this.” Indeed there is! Jesus said,
But the Parakletos, Who is the Holy Spirit, Who the Father will send in My name, He will teach you everything…”
The pronoun “He” is demanded since the Greek word Parakletos, is a masculine noun. It means “advocate” (or “comforter” as Origen and the KJV would have it).
Many Christians regard the word Paraklete as a proper name for the Holy Spirit, but this assumption is false, because the Holy Spirit is not the only Paraklete.
If anyone sins, we have a Parakletos Who is with the Father – Jesus Christ the righteous.
We see here that Jesus Christ is a Paraklete along with the Holy Spirit, Who is another Paraklete.
I (Christ) will pray to the Father and He will give you another Parakletos, Who will live with you forever, even the Spirit of truth.
What does the term “another” mean except that there must be at least two Parakletes, the Son and the Spirit. Therefore, the word “Paraklete” cannot be a specific name for the Holy Spirit. It is not a proper name. It is only a descriptive noun whose gender is incidental and unimportant. Once this is grasped, the masculinity of the Holy Spirit becomes completely unnecessary.
Another reason for why the Holy Spirit is traditionally called “He” occurs because of Hebrew-Greek translation issues. As discussed above, the Hebrew word Ruach, a feminine noun meaning breath, wind, or spirit, was used frequently in the Hebrew Bible in the phrase Ruach Elohim which means “Spirit of God.” Thus, the Holy Spirit of the Old Testament is undoubtedly feminine. When the Hebrew was translated into Greek, the Greek word Pneuma was chosen to substitute for Ruach, since it also meant breath, wind, or spirit. But the gender was lost in translation, for Pneuma carries a neuter gender. Thus, the phrase Pneuma to Agion, which is used very commonly throughout the New Testament and means “Holy Spirit,” actually possesses a neuter gender. We can see the linguistic tension displayed by studying several translations of Acts 8:15-16,
He prayed for them that they might receive the Holy Spirit, for IT had not yet fallen on any of them – RSV
He prayed for them that they might receive the Holy Ghost: (For as yet HE was fallen upon none of them) – KJV
Prayed for them that they might receive the Holy Spirit, because the Holy Spirit had not yet come upon any of them – NIV
The RSV preserves the most literal meaning, calling the Holy Spirit an “it,” according to pneuma’s neuter gender.
The KJV calls the Holy Spirit “He” in an attempt to preserve the Personhood of the Trinity’s third member, but the literal translation demands the pronoun “It.”
The NIV attempts to sidestep the issue altogether, intentionally ignoring the actual Greek and spelling out the noun again when, in fact, the Greek text demands a pronoun instead.
In any case, the Holy Spirit is most definitely female. Furthermore, She gives forth seven spirits from Herself:
Wisdom (Sophia) has built Her house. She has hewn out Her seven pillars… She says, “Come, eat My bread and drink the wine I have mixed.”
Grace and peace be with you from Him Who is, Who was, and Who is to come, and from the seven Spirits Who are before His throne, and from Jesus Christ… I saw seven golden candlesticks… seven stars.
Behold! A candlestick of gold, with a bowl on top, and seven lamps, and seven passageways to each lamp.
There are seven eyes on that stone.
These are the seven eyes of Yahweh, which run to and fro across the whole earth.
Click here to learn more about how Jesus may have been a space alien and other paranormal mysteries of the New Testament.
The creationist narrative in Genesis 1 is contradicted by many ancient Christian texts. Instead of an Almighty Creator God, ancient Christian texts espouse that the universe is born from blind arrogance and stupidity. The angels caused evolution to occur from species to species. There are many gods, (or aliens?), and the Christian God is just one among them. Satan the Devil writes scripture, and thus the Bible was polluted with Genesis 1. Archaeology and modern scholarship demonstrate that Genesis is indeed corrupted. Cavemen walk with Adam and Eve. Esoteric prophecies reveal the coming of Christ, and also reveal the dark forces that govern the cosmos. Such are the ancient Christian writings.
Sciencevindicates the truth of these ideas. Evolution often happens too fast for Darwin’s theory. Gaps in the fossil record indicate that some kind of unnatural force acts together with natural selection. Astrobiology reveals that intelligent life probably evolved long before us. The fossil record reveals strange clues that aliens abducted species and transported them across oceans, and that DNA from diverse lineages was combined to spawn hybrid species. Evidently, aliens influence evolution, and they are the gods of the world’s religions.
This is not fiction. All these facts are thoroughly documented in the links above.
 The Trimorphic Protennoia, Nag Hammadi 13:37
 The Apocryphon of John, Nag Hammadi 2:10
 Hippolytus. The Refutation of All Heresies 9:8
 On the Origin of the World, Nag Hammadi 2:105
 The Trimorphic Protennoia, Nag Hammadi 13:38
 The Gospel of Truth, Nag Hammadi 1:24
 Hippolytus. The Refutation of All Heresies 6:30
 Hippolytus. The Refutation of All Heresies 9:7
 The Apocryphon of John, Nag Hammadi 2:2
 The Apocryphon of John, Nag Hammadi 2:4-5
 The Apocryphon of John, Nag Hammadi 2:9
 The Dialogue of the Savior, Nag Hammadi 3:144
 Irenaeus. Against Heresies 1.7.1
 Irenaeus. Against Heresies 4.20.3-4, 4.20.1
 Theophilus. To Autolycus 2:15
 The Gospel of the Hebrews
 Eusebius. The History of Church 3:25
 The Gospel of Thomas 101
 The Gospel of Philip, Nag Hammadi 2:55
 Luke 1:35
 Ephesians 4:8-9, 1st Peter 4:6, 3:19
 Proverbs 8:22-23
 Origen, 225 AD
 Proverbs 2:2-6
 Irenaeus, 180 AD, Against Heresies 4.20.1
 Irenaeus, 180 AD, Against Heresies 4.20.3-4
 Sirach 1:4
 Sirach 24:1,9
 Wisdom of Solomon 9:11
 Wisdom of Solomon 7:24-27
 John 14:26
 1st John 2:1
 John 14:16
 Proverbs 9:1, 9:5
 Revelation 1:4-5, 1:12-20
 Zechariah 4:2
 Zechariah 3:9
 Zechariah 4:10
Saguna Brahman (Devi) takes the form of one of three main Hindu deities: Brahma, Vishnu, or Shiva. April 20, 2010
Brahman: The Ultimate Reality
“Various schools have contributed to Hindu thought, each school with
a different emphasis. The school known as Vedânta has been the
standard form of intellectual Hinduism. According to Vedânta, the
highest aim of existence is the realization of the identity or union
of the individual’s innermost self (âtman) with the ultimate reality.
Although Vedanta states that this ultimate reality is beyond name,
the word Brahman is used to refer to it.
Whether this ultimate reality is itself ultimately without
distinguishing attributes (nirguna) or with personal attributes
(saguna) has been a subject of extensive debate among Hindu scholars.
To be ultimate Brahman must transcend (exist above and beyond) all
limiting attributes, such as name, gender, form, and features. But
how can the human mind, with its limitations, conceive of this
transcendent reality? Human comprehension requires a more personal
reality, with attributes.
Saguna Bhraman is also called Ishvara, a name best translated
as “Lord.” A quotation attributed to 8th-century Hindu scholar
Shankara illustrates the subtlety of these ideas: “Ishvara, forgive
these three sins of mine: that although you are everywhere I have
gone on a pilgrimage, although you are beyond the mind I have tried
to think of you; and although you are ineffable [indescribable] I
offer this hymn in praise of you.”